*php5-fpmの設定例 [#j816e950]
 **/etc/php5/fpm/php-fpm.conf [#k41fe104]
 #sh(ini){{
 ;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;
 ; FPM Configuration ;
 ;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;
 
 ; All relative paths in this configuration file are relative to PHP's install
 ; prefix (/usr). This prefix can be dynamicaly changed by using the
 ; '-p' argument from the command line.
 
 ; Include one or more files. If glob(3) exists, it is used to include a bunch of
 ; files from a glob(3) pattern. This directive can be used everywhere in the
 ; file.
 ; Relative path can also be used. They will be prefixed by:
 ;  - the global prefix if it's been set (-p arguement)
 ;  - /usr otherwise
 ;include=/etc/php5/fpm/*.conf
 
 ;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;
 ; Global Options ;
 ;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;
 
 [global]
 ; Pid file
 ; Note: the default prefix is /var
 ; Default Value: none
 pid = /var/run/php5-fpm.pid
 
 ; Error log file
 ; If it's set to "syslog", log is sent to syslogd instead of being written
 ; in a local file.
 ; Note: the default prefix is /var
 ; Default Value: log/php-fpm.log
 error_log = /var/log/php5-fpm.log
 
 ; syslog_facility is used to specify what type of program is logging the
 ; message. This lets syslogd specify that messages from different facilities
 ; will be handled differently.
 ; See syslog(3) for possible values (ex daemon equiv LOG_DAEMON)
 ; Default Value: daemon
 ;syslog.facility = daemon
 
 ; syslog_ident is prepended to every message. If you have multiple FPM
 ; instances running on the same server, you can change the default value
 ; which must suit common needs.
 ; Default Value: php-fpm
 ;syslog.ident = php-fpm
 
 ; Log level
 ; Possible Values: alert, error, warning, notice, debug
 ; Default Value: notice
 ;log_level = notice
 
 ; If this number of child processes exit with SIGSEGV or SIGBUS within the time
 ; interval set by emergency_restart_interval then FPM will restart. A value
 ; of '0' means 'Off'.
 ; Default Value: 0
 emergency_restart_threshold = 30
 
 ; Interval of time used by emergency_restart_interval to determine when
 ; a graceful restart will be initiated.  This can be useful to work around
 ; accidental corruptions in an accelerator's shared memory.
 ; Available Units: s(econds), m(inutes), h(ours), or d(ays)
 ; Default Unit: seconds
 ; Default Value: 0
 emergency_restart_interval = 1h
 
 ; Time limit for child processes to wait for a reaction on signals from master.
 ; Available units: s(econds), m(inutes), h(ours), or d(ays)
 ; Default Unit: seconds
 ; Default Value: 0
 process_control_timeout = 30s
 
 ; The maximum number of processes FPM will fork. This has been design to control
 ; the global number of processes when using dynamic PM within a lot of pools.
 ; Use it with caution.
 ; Note: A value of 0 indicates no limit
 ; Default Value: 0
 ; process.max = 128
 
 ; Specify the nice(2) priority to apply to the master process (only if set)
 ; The value can vary from -19 (highest priority) to 20 (lower priority)
 ; Note: - It will only work if the FPM master process is launched as root
 ;       - The pool process will inherit the master process priority
 ;         unless it specified otherwise
 ; Default Value: no set
 ; process.priority = -19
 
 ; Send FPM to background. Set to 'no' to keep FPM in foreground for debugging.
 ; Default Value: yes
 ;daemonize = yes
 
 ; Set open file descriptor rlimit for the master process.
 ; Default Value: system defined value
 ;rlimit_files = 1024
 
 ; Set max core size rlimit for the master process.
 ; Possible Values: 'unlimited' or an integer greater or equal to 0
 ; Default Value: system defined value
 ;rlimit_core = 0
 
 ; Specify the event mechanism FPM will use. The following is available:
 ; - select     (any POSIX os)
 ; - poll       (any POSIX os)
 ; - epoll      (linux >= 2.5.44)
 ; - kqueue     (FreeBSD >= 4.1, OpenBSD >= 2.9, NetBSD >= 2.0)
 ; - /dev/poll  (Solaris >= 7)
 ; - port       (Solaris >= 10)
 ; Default Value: not set (auto detection)
 ;events.mechanism = epoll
 
 ;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;
 ; Pool Definitions ;
 ;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;
 
 ; Multiple pools of child processes may be started with different listening
 ; ports and different management options.  The name of the pool will be
 ; used in logs and stats. There is no limitation on the number of pools which
 ; FPM can handle. Your system will tell you anyway :)
 
 ; To configure the pools it is recommended to have one .conf file per
 ; pool in the following directory:
 include=/etc/php5/fpm/pool.d/*.conf
 }}
 
+**/etc/php5/fpm/pool.d/www.conf [#g92778e5]
+#sh(){{
+; Start a new pool named 'www'.
+; the variable $pool can we used in any directive and will be replaced by the
+; pool name ('www' here)
+[www]
 
+; Per pool prefix
+; It only applies on the following directives:
+; - 'slowlog'
+; - 'listen' (unixsocket)
+; - 'chroot'
+; - 'chdir'
+; - 'php_values'
+; - 'php_admin_values'
+; When not set, the global prefix (or /usr) applies instead.
+; Note: This directive can also be relative to the global prefix.
+; Default Value: none
+;prefix = /path/to/pools/$pool
 
+; Unix user/group of processes
+; Note: The user is mandatory. If the group is not set, the default user's group
+;       will be used.
+user = [ユーザ名]
+group = [グループ名]
 
+; The address on which to accept FastCGI requests.
+; Valid syntaxes are:
+;   'ip.add.re.ss:port'    - to listen on a TCP socket to a specific address on
+;                            a specific port;
+;   'port'                 - to listen on a TCP socket to all addresses on a
+;                            specific port;
+;   '/path/to/unix/socket' - to listen on a unix socket.
+; Note: This value is mandatory.
+listen = /var/run/php5-fpm.sock
 
+; Set listen(2) backlog.
+; Default Value: 128 (-1 on FreeBSD and OpenBSD)
+listen.backlog = 1000000
 
+; Set permissions for unix socket, if one is used. In Linux, read/write
+; permissions must be set in order to allow connections from a web server. Many
+; BSD-derived systems allow connections regardless of permissions.
+; Default Values: user and group are set as the running user
+;                 mode is set to 0666
+;listen.owner = www-data
+;listen.group = www-data
+;listen.mode = 0666
 
+; List of ipv4 addresses of FastCGI clients which are allowed to connect.
+; Equivalent to the FCGI_WEB_SERVER_ADDRS environment variable in the original
+; PHP FCGI (5.2.2+). Makes sense only with a tcp listening socket. Each address
+; must be separated by a comma. If this value is left blank, connections will be
+; accepted from any ip address.
+; Default Value: any
+;listen.allowed_clients = 127.0.0.1
 
+; Specify the nice(2) priority to apply to the pool processes (only if set)
+; The value can vary from -19 (highest priority) to 20 (lower priority)
+; Note: - It will only work if the FPM master process is launched as root
+;       - The pool processes will inherit the master process priority
+;         unless it specified otherwise
+; Default Value: no set
+; priority = -19
 
+; Choose how the process manager will control the number of child processes.
+; Possible Values:
+;   static  - a fixed number (pm.max_children) of child processes;
+;   dynamic - the number of child processes are set dynamically based on the
+;             following directives. With this process management, there will be
+;             always at least 1 children.
+;             pm.max_children      - the maximum number of children that can
+;                                    be alive at the same time.
+;             pm.start_servers     - the number of children created on startup.
+;             pm.min_spare_servers - the minimum number of children in 'idle'
+;                                    state (waiting to process). If the number
+;                                    of 'idle' processes is less than this
+;                                    number then some children will be created.
+;             pm.max_spare_servers - the maximum number of children in 'idle'
+;                                    state (waiting to process). If the number
+;                                    of 'idle' processes is greater than this
+;                                    number then some children will be killed.
+;  ondemand - no children are created at startup. Children will be forked when
+;             new requests will connect. The following parameter are used:
+;             pm.max_children           - the maximum number of children that
+;                                         can be alive at the same time.
+;             pm.process_idle_timeout   - The number of seconds after which
+;                                         an idle process will be killed.
+; Note: This value is mandatory.
+pm = dynamic
 
+; The number of child processes to be created when pm is set to 'static' and the
+; maximum number of child processes when pm is set to 'dynamic' or 'ondemand'.
+; This value sets the limit on the number of simultaneous requests that will be
+; served. Equivalent to the ApacheMaxClients directive with mpm_prefork.
+; Equivalent to the PHP_FCGI_CHILDREN environment variable in the original PHP
+; CGI. The below defaults are based on a server without much resources. Don't
+; forget to tweak pm.* to fit your needs.
+; Note: Used when pm is set to 'static', 'dynamic' or 'ondemand'
+; Note: This value is mandatory.
+pm.max_children = 10
 
+; The number of child processes created on startup.
+; Note: Used only when pm is set to 'dynamic'
+; Default Value: min_spare_servers + (max_spare_servers - min_spare_servers) / 2
+pm.start_servers = 3
 
+; The desired minimum number of idle server processes.
+; Note: Used only when pm is set to 'dynamic'
+; Note: Mandatory when pm is set to 'dynamic'
+pm.min_spare_servers = 2
 
+; The desired maximum number of idle server processes.
+; Note: Used only when pm is set to 'dynamic'
+; Note: Mandatory when pm is set to 'dynamic'
+pm.max_spare_servers = 4
 
+; The number of seconds after which an idle process will be killed.
+; Note: Used only when pm is set to 'ondemand'
+; Default Value: 10s
+pm.process_idle_timeout = 5s;
 
+; The number of requests each child process should execute before respawning.
+; This can be useful to work around memory leaks in 3rd party libraries. For
+; endless request processing specify '0'. Equivalent to PHP_FCGI_MAX_REQUESTS.
+; Default Value: 0
+pm.max_requests = 400
 
+; The URI to view the FPM status page. If this value is not set, no URI will be
+; recognized as a status page. It shows the following informations:
+;   pool                 - the name of the pool;
+;   process manager      - static, dynamic or ondemand;
+;   start time           - the date and time FPM has started;
+;   start since          - number of seconds since FPM has started;
+;   accepted conn        - the number of request accepted by the pool;
+;   listen queue         - the number of request in the queue of pending
+;                          connections (see backlog in listen(2));
+;   max listen queue     - the maximum number of requests in the queue
+;                          of pending connections since FPM has started;
+;   listen queue len     - the size of the socket queue of pending connections;
+;   idle processes       - the number of idle processes;
+;   active processes     - the number of active processes;
+;   total processes      - the number of idle + active processes;
+;   max active processes - the maximum number of active processes since FPM
+;                          has started;
+;   max children reached - number of times, the process limit has been reached,
+;                          when pm tries to start more children (works only for
+;                          pm 'dynamic' and 'ondemand');
+; Value are updated in real time.
+; Example output:
+;   pool:                 www
+;   process manager:      static
+;   start time:           01/Jul/2011:17:53:49 +0200
+;   start since:          62636
+;   accepted conn:        190460
+;   listen queue:         0
+;   max listen queue:     1
+;   listen queue len:     42
+;   idle processes:       4
+;   active processes:     11
+;   total processes:      15
+;   max active processes: 12
+;   max children reached: 0
+;
+; By default the status page output is formatted as text/plain. Passing either
+; 'html', 'xml' or 'json' in the query string will return the corresponding
+; output syntax. Example:
+;   http://www.foo.bar/status
+;   http://www.foo.bar/status?json
+;   http://www.foo.bar/status?html
+;   http://www.foo.bar/status?xml
+;
+; By default the status page only outputs short status. Passing 'full' in the
+; query string will also return status for each pool process.
+; Example:
+;   http://www.foo.bar/status?full
+;   http://www.foo.bar/status?json&full
+;   http://www.foo.bar/status?html&full
+;   http://www.foo.bar/status?xml&full
+; The Full status returns for each process:
+;   pid                  - the PID of the process;
+;   state                - the state of the process (Idle, Running, ...);
+;   start time           - the date and time the process has started;
+;   start since          - the number of seconds since the process has started;
+;   requests             - the number of requests the process has served;
+;   request duration     - the duration in µs of the requests;
+;   request method       - the request method (GET, POST, ...);
+;   request URI          - the request URI with the query string;
+;   content length       - the content length of the request (only with POST);
+;   user                 - the user (PHP_AUTH_USER) (or '-' if not set);
+;   script               - the main script called (or '-' if not set);
+;   last request cpu     - the %cpu the last request consumed
+;                          it's always 0 if the process is not in Idle state
+;                          because CPU calculation is done when the request
+;                          processing has terminated;
+;   last request memory  - the max amount of memory the last request consumed
+;                          it's always 0 if the process is not in Idle state
+;                          because memory calculation is done when the request
+;                          processing has terminated;
+; If the process is in Idle state, then informations are related to the
+; last request the process has served. Otherwise informations are related to
+; the current request being served.
+; Example output:
+;   ************************
+;   pid:                  31330
+;   state:                Running
+;   start time:           01/Jul/2011:17:53:49 +0200
+;   start since:          63087
+;   requests:             12808
+;   request duration:     1250261
+;   request method:       GET
+;   request URI:          /test_mem.php?N=10000
+;   content length:       0
+;   user:                 -
+;   script:               /home/fat/web/docs/php/test_mem.php
+;   last request cpu:     0.00
+;   last request memory:  0
+;
+; Note: There is a real-time FPM status monitoring sample web page available
+;       It's available in: ${prefix}/share/fpm/status.html
+;
+; Note: The value must start with a leading slash (/). The value can be
+;       anything, but it may not be a good idea to use the .php extension or it
+;       may conflict with a real PHP file.
+; Default Value: not set
+pm.status_path = /status
 
+; The ping URI to call the monitoring page of FPM. If this value is not set, no
+; URI will be recognized as a ping page. This could be used to test from outside
+; that FPM is alive and responding, or to
+; - create a graph of FPM availability (rrd or such);
+; - remove a server from a group if it is not responding (load balancing);
+; - trigger alerts for the operating team (24/7).
+; Note: The value must start with a leading slash (/). The value can be
+;       anything, but it may not be a good idea to use the .php extension or it
+;       may conflict with a real PHP file.
+; Default Value: not set
+;ping.path = /ping
 
+; This directive may be used to customize the response of a ping request. The
+; response is formatted as text/plain with a 200 response code.
+; Default Value: pong
+;ping.response = pong
 
+; The access log file
+; Default: not set
+;access.log = log/$pool.access.log
 
+; The access log format.
+; The following syntax is allowed
+;  %%: the '%' character
+;  %C: %CPU used by the request
+;      it can accept the following format:
+;      - %{user}C for user CPU only
+;      - %{system}C for system CPU only
+;      - %{total}C  for user + system CPU (default)
+;  %d: time taken to serve the request
+;      it can accept the following format:
+;      - %{seconds}d (default)
+;      - %{miliseconds}d
+;      - %{mili}d
+;      - %{microseconds}d
+;      - %{micro}d
+;  %e: an environment variable (same as $_ENV or $_SERVER)
+;      it must be associated with embraces to specify the name of the env
+;      variable. Some exemples:
+;      - server specifics like: %{REQUEST_METHOD}e or %{SERVER_PROTOCOL}e
+;      - HTTP headers like: %{HTTP_HOST}e or %{HTTP_USER_AGENT}e
+;  %f: script filename
+;  %l: content-length of the request (for POST request only)
+;  %m: request method
+;  %M: peak of memory allocated by PHP
+;      it can accept the following format:
+;      - %{bytes}M (default)
+;      - %{kilobytes}M
+;      - %{kilo}M
+;      - %{megabytes}M
+;      - %{mega}M
+;  %n: pool name
+;  %o: ouput header
+;      it must be associated with embraces to specify the name of the header:
+;      - %{Content-Type}o
+;      - %{X-Powered-By}o
+;      - %{Transfert-Encoding}o
+;      - ....
+;  %p: PID of the child that serviced the request
+;  %P: PID of the parent of the child that serviced the request
+;  %q: the query string
+;  %Q: the '?' character if query string exists
+;  %r: the request URI (without the query string, see %q and %Q)
+;  %R: remote IP address
+;  %s: status (response code)
+;  %t: server time the request was received
+;      it can accept a strftime(3) format:
+;      %d/%b/%Y:%H:%M:%S %z (default)
+;  %T: time the log has been written (the request has finished)
+;      it can accept a strftime(3) format:
+;      %d/%b/%Y:%H:%M:%S %z (default)
+;  %u: remote user
+;
+; Default: "%R - %u %t \"%m %r\" %s"
+;access.format = "%R - %u %t \"%m %r%Q%q\" %s %f %{mili}d %{kilo}M %C%%"
 
+; The log file for slow requests
+; Default Value: not set
+; Note: slowlog is mandatory if request_slowlog_timeout is set
+;slowlog = log/$pool.log.slow
 
+; The timeout for serving a single request after which a PHP backtrace will be
+; dumped to the 'slowlog' file. A value of '0s' means 'off'.
+; Available units: s(econds)(default), m(inutes), h(ours), or d(ays)
+; Default Value: 0
+request_slowlog_timeout = 0
 
+; The timeout for serving a single request after which the worker process will
+; be killed. This option should be used when the 'max_execution_time' ini option
+; does not stop script execution for some reason. A value of '0' means 'off'.
+; Available units: s(econds)(default), m(inutes), h(ours), or d(ays)
+; Default Value: 0
+;request_terminate_timeout = 0
 
+; Set open file descriptor rlimit.
+; Default Value: system defined value
+;rlimit_files = 1024
 
+; Set max core size rlimit.
+; Possible Values: 'unlimited' or an integer greater or equal to 0
+; Default Value: system defined value
+rlimit_core = 1000000
 
+; Chroot to this directory at the start. This value must be defined as an
+; absolute path. When this value is not set, chroot is not used.
+; Note: you can prefix with '$prefix' to chroot to the pool prefix or one
+; of its subdirectories. If the pool prefix is not set, the global prefix
+; will be used instead.
+; Note: chrooting is a great security feature and should be used whenever
+;       possible. However, all PHP paths will be relative to the chroot
+;       (error_log, sessions.save_path, ...).
+; Default Value: not set
+;chroot =
 
+; Chdir to this directory at the start.
+; Note: relative path can be used.
+; Default Value: current directory or / when chroot
+chdir = /
 
+; Redirect worker stdout and stderr into main error log. If not set, stdout and
+; stderr will be redirected to /dev/null according to FastCGI specs.
+; Note: on highloaded environement, this can cause some delay in the page
+; process time (several ms).
+; Default Value: no
+catch_workers_output = yes
 
+; Limits the extensions of the main script FPM will allow to parse. This can
+; prevent configuration mistakes on the web server side. You should only limit
+; FPM to .php extensions to prevent malicious users to use other extensions to
+; exectute php code.
+; Note: set an empty value to allow all extensions.
+; Default Value: .php
+;security.limit_extensions = .php .php3 .php4 .php5
 
+; Pass environment variables like LD_LIBRARY_PATH. All $VARIABLEs are taken from
+; the current environment.
+; Default Value: clean env
+;env[HOSTNAME] = $HOSTNAME
+;env[PATH] = /usr/local/bin:/usr/bin:/bin
+;env[TMP] = /tmp
+;env[TMPDIR] = /tmp
+;env[TEMP] = /tmp
 
+; Additional php.ini defines, specific to this pool of workers. These settings
+; overwrite the values previously defined in the php.ini. The directives are the
+; same as the PHP SAPI:
+;   php_value/php_flag             - you can set classic ini defines which can
+;                                    be overwritten from PHP call 'ini_set'.
+;   php_admin_value/php_admin_flag - these directives won't be overwritten by
+;                                     PHP call 'ini_set'
+; For php_*flag, valid values are on, off, 1, 0, true, false, yes or no.
 
+; Defining 'extension' will load the corresponding shared extension from
+; extension_dir. Defining 'disable_functions' or 'disable_classes' will not
+; overwrite previously defined php.ini values, but will append the new value
+; instead.
 
+; Note: path INI options can be relative and will be expanded with the prefix
+; (pool, global or /usr)
 
+; Default Value: nothing is defined by default except the values in php.ini and
+;                specified at startup with the -d argument
+;php_admin_value[sendmail_path] = /usr/sbin/sendmail -t -i -f www@my.domain.com
+;php_flag[display_errors] = off
+;php_admin_value[error_log] = /var/log/fpm-php.www.log
+;php_admin_flag[log_errors] = on
+;php_admin_value[memory_limit] = 32M
+}}
// IP:"220.216.49.217" TIME:"2012-10-20(<abbr class="week_sat" title="土曜日">土</abbr>)07:27:03" REFERER:"http://pukiwiki.logue.be/?cmd=edit&amp;page=Technical%20Note%2FConfigure%2Fphp5-fpm" USER_AGENT:"Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 6.1; WOW64) AppleWebKit/537.4 (KHTML, like Gecko) Chrome/22.0.1229.94 Safari/537.4